PEM fuel cell as an alternative solution for clean energy production

Kh. Khaoula, A. Atia, H. Ben Moussa, A. Ferdjani, Y. Abdennour


Abstract: Due to the energy crisis and the rising level of pollution around the world, a new source of clean energy is the fuel cell, as it has no production other than water and heat.  PEMFC (Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell) is an electrochemical device that are designed to directly convert, with high efficiency, the chemical energy from the reaction of the fuel (hydrogen in case of PEMFC) and an oxidant (oxygen) into electricity. This study aims to setup a state of the art on PEM Fuel Cell.

Full Text:



A. Atia and K. Mohammedi, "State of the art on enhanced oil recovery with CO2 sequestration for low carbon industry," Algerian J. Env. Sc. Technology, vol. 3, 2017.

V. Mehta and J. S. Cooper, "Review and analysis of PEM fuel cell design and manufacturing," Journal of Power Sources, vol. 114, pp. 32-53, 2003.

J. Larminie, A. Dicks, and M. S. McDonald, Fuel cell systems explained vol. 2: J. Wiley Chichester, UK, 2003.

S. L. Chavan and D. B. Talange, "System identification black box approach for modeling performance of PEM fuel cell," Journal of Energy Storage, vol. 18, pp. 327-332, 2018.

I. Zakaria, W. Mohamed, W. Azmi, A. Mamat, R. Mamat, and W. Daud, "Thermo-electrical performance of PEM fuel cell using Al 2 O 3 nanofluids," International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 119, pp. 460-471, 2018.

H.-W. Wu, G.-J. Shih, and Y.-B. Chen, "Effect of operational parameters on transport and performance of a PEM fuel cell with the best protrusive gas diffusion layer arrangement," Applied Energy, vol. 220, pp. 47-58, 2018.

H.-W. Wu, "A review of recent development: Transport and performance modeling of PEM fuel cells," Applied Energy, vol. 165, pp. 81-106, 2016.

A. M. Dafalla and F. Jiang, "Stresses and their impacts on proton exchange membrane fuel cells: A review," International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2017.

Z. Abdin, C. Webb, and E. M. Gray, "PEM fuel cell model and simulation in Matlab–Simulink based on physical parameters," Energy, vol. 116, pp. 1131-1144, 2016.

M. Watanabe, K. Tsurumi, T. Mizukami, T. Nakamura, and P. Stonehart, "Activity and stability of ordered and disordered Co‐Pt alloys for phosphoric acid fuel cells," Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 141, pp. 2659-2668, 1994.

R. M. Ormerod, "Solid oxide fuel cells," Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 32, pp. 17-28, 2003.

A. L. Dicks, "Molten carbonate fuel cells," Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, vol. 8, pp. 379-383, 2004.

A. R. Balkin, "Modelling a 500W polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell," University of Technology, Sydney, 2002.

S. Tsushima and S. Hirai, "In situ diagnostics for water transport in proton exchange membrane fuel cells," Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, vol. 37, pp. 204-220, 2011.

S. Haufe and U. Stimming, "Proton conducting membranes based on electrolyte filled microporous matrices," Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 185, pp. 95-103, 2001.

M. Mustafa, "Design and manufacturing of a (PEMFC) proton exchange membrane fuel cell," Coventry University, 2009.

K. Kreuer, "On the development of proton conducting polymer membranes for hydrogen and methanol fuel cells," Journal of membrane science, vol. 185, pp. 29-39, 2001.

M. Rikukawa and K. Sanui, "Proton-conducting polymer electrolyte membranes based on hydrocarbon polymers," Progress in Polymer Science, vol. 25, pp. 1463-1502, 2000.

B. Smitha, S. Sridhar, and A. Khan, "Solid polymer electrolyte membranes for fuel cell applications—a review," Journal of membrane science, vol. 259, pp. 10-26, 2005.

E. Ramunni and M. Kienberger, "Gas-diffussion electrodes for polymeric membrane fuel cell," ed: Google Patents, 2000.

D. Bevers, R. Rogers, and M. Von Bradke, "Examination of the influence of PTFE coating on the properties of carbon paper in polymer electrolyte fuel cells," Journal of power sources, vol. 63, pp. 193-201, 1996.

M. S. Wilson and S. Gottesfeld, "Thin-film catalyst layers for polymer electrolyte fuel cell electrodes," Journal of applied electrochemistry, vol. 22, pp. 1-7, 1992.

R. Fernandez, P. Ferreira-Aparicio, and L. Daza, "PEMFC electrode preparation: influence of the solvent composition and evaporation rate on the catalytic layer microstructure," Journal of power sources, vol. 151, pp. 18-24, 2005.

X. Li and I. Sabir, "Review of bipolar plates in PEM fuel cells: Flow-field designs," International journal of hydrogen energy, vol. 30, pp. 359-371, 2005.

A. Kumar and R. G. Reddy, "Materials and design development for bipolar/end plates in fuel cells," Journal of Power Sources, vol. 129, pp. 62-67, 2004.

D. S. Watkins, K. W. Dircks, and D. G. Epp, "Fuel cell fluid flow field plate," ed: Google Patents, 1992.

D. S. Watkins, K. W. Dircks, and D. G. Epp, "Novel fuel cell fluid flow field plate," ed: Google Patents, 1991.


  • There are currently no refbacks.