Decision-making and optimal design of off-grid hybrid renewable energy system for electrification of mobile buildings in Algeria: case study of drilling camps in Adrar

C. Mokhtara, B. Negrou, N. Settou, A. Gouareh, B. Settou, M. A. Chetouane


Abstract: Hybrid renewable energy systems (HRES) have recently gained increased attention from researchers to meet the electricity demand of buildings in isolated areas where classical sources have become unattractive due to higher fuel costs as well as seeking to reduce GHG emissions and save fossil fuels. This paper presents an alternative methodology for the optimal design of hybrid PV / WT / energy storage and diesel generator backup, for the supply of electricity to oil and gas drilling camps in Adrar, southwest of Algeria. The simulation is performed using HOMER software. In addition, the multi-criteria decision-making method of the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) is used to select between renewable technologies and to determine optimal HRES options by considering technical, economic, environmental and social criteria. A sensitivity analysis is performed based on the cost variation of fuel and components up to 2030. The results show that the hybrid energy system with battery storage is the most viable solution for current and future scenarios. Furthermore, lead-acid batteries are found to be more cost-effective than Li-ion batteries for future assumptions. However, configurations based on hydrogen storage are still ineffective before 2030 due mainly to high investment costs, water needs to operate and difficulties in providing the required levels of security. Although hydrogen storage will be a feasible solution after 2030, but in limited applications. The proposed method is more effective in making better decisions in designing such complex energy systems. It will therefore help decision-makers and investors on optimal exploit renewable sources anywhere. It will therefore contribute to transiting to sustainable buildings locally and worldwide.

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