Étude de l’adsorption d’un colorant cationique en milieu aqueux sur le charbon actif Issu de la ferula communis

S.M. Messabih, K. Benrachedi, M. Makhlouf, K.D. Belaid, O. Bouchher, K. Louhab


Abstract: This study is devoted to the preparation of powder activated of a coal from the crushed stems of Ferula communis harvested in the hillsides of the Tipaza province in northern Algeria. The plant material was impregnated with phosphoric acid (H3PO4) and then carbonized at 550°C  in a muffle furnace. The results obtained by characterization of the adsorbent material showed a high porosity and a specific surface of 1377 m2/g. Applications of the neutral red dye adsorption on the activated coal, in an aqueous medium, have shown an adsorbate removal capacity of up to 666 mg/g. The thermodynamic study has shown that the adsorption process is spontaneous and endothermic.

Résumé: La présente étude est consacrée à la préparation d’un charbon actif en poudre à partir des tiges broyées de la Ferula communis récoltées dans les coteaux de la wilaya de Tipaza au nord de l’Algérie. La matière végétale a été imprégnée à l’acide phosphorique (H3PO4), puis carbonisée à 550°C dans un four à moufle. Les résultats obtenus par caractérisation du matériau adsorbant ont montré une importante porosité et une surface spécifique de 1377 m2/g. Les applications de l’adsorption du colorant rouge neutre sur le charbon actif, dans un milieu aqueux, ont révélé une capacité d’élimination de l’adsorbat allant jusqu’à 666 mg/g. L’étude thermodynamique a montré que le processus de l’adsorption est spontané et endothermique.  

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