Effect of plastic bag waste addition on the rheology properties of a bitumen

M. Nouali, E. Ghorbel, Z. Derriche


Abstract: Statistical figures indicate that the 7 billion of plastic bags, thrown annually in the nature in Algeria represent a real threat to the environment and call for urgent action measures. Several studies have shown the potential of waste plastic recycling in producing high performance road paving bituminous materials. The performance of road paving asphalt mixtures depends largely on the rheological properties of the bitumen used to bind the aggregate. This contribution studies the effects of plastic bag waste addition on the rheological properties of a waste plastic modified bitumen (WPmB). Basic tests and dynamic rheological tests were used to characterize the modified binder. FTIR spectroscopy was also called upon to disclose the chemical functionalities present in the waste plastic modified bitumen (WPmB). Results obtained show that interesting improvements are observed on the rheological properties of the WPmB. It was found that plastic addition stiffens the bitumen. The dynamic rheological results show that the plastic addition increases the complex modulus and consequently the complex viscosity and decreases the phase angle of the WPmB at all temperatures and frequencies tested. Morwever, plastic addition improves the rutting resistance of WPmB as defined by the SHRP criterion.

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