Contribution of the structured analysis and design technique to risks management associated with loss of flame and spark misfiring in a cement furnace

A. Benmokhtar, A. Zenati, A. Chikouche


The aim of this work is the contribution of the Structured Analysis and Design Technique in the management of risks in a cement plant. By reviewing accidents that occurred worldwide, this work is contextualized. An overview of the cement manufacturing process is also provided. An approach is also developed, presented, and adopted for the conduct of this research. In addition, a presentation of the different risk analysis methods applied is given. The risk analysis approach adopted based on the use of Preliminary Hazard Analysis, Fault Tree Analysis, Event Tree Analysis, and the Bow Tie Analysis. Thus, the results of these methods will be presented and discussed. Accidents scenarios are constituted, and the most probable ones is retained. Also, and from the latter, seven risks control actions were recommended, in the critical zone of firing, without compromising the continuity of activity of the cement plant.

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