Quality Study of biodiesel produced from Ricinus communis L. (Kharouaa) in southwest Algeria

A. Boulal, M. Khelafi, A. Djaber


Castor oil plant (Ricinus communis L.), as a non-comestible energy harvest, it can be utilized for different biofuels preparation. Extracted castor oil was utilized for biodiesel (BD) preparation by transesterification method, whereas the castor plant remains, including stalk, seed cake, and leaves, were used for ethanol and biogas preparation. Operating setting effects, like methanol to castor oil plant ratio, temperature, and reaction time on BD income production were examined. The best BD yield reached 91% at oil molar ratio 9:1 methanol to castor oil mass ratio obtained at 60°C during 60min. This yield corresponded To 910g BD per kg castor plant oil. According to tracking the distillation process of the obtained BD it is positive and it is located between light and heavy diesel, Also, the latter (BD) is not harmful to the environment.

Full Text:



Aboelazayem, O.; El-Gendy NS.; Abdel-Rehim A.; Fatma Ashour D.; Sadek MA. Biodiesel production from castor oil in Egypt: Process optimisation, kinetic study, diesel engine performance and exhaust emissions analysis. Energy 157 (2018) 843-852.

He, B.; Shao, Y.; Ren, Y.; Li, J.; Cheng, Y. Continuous biodiesel production from acidic oil using a combination of cation- and anion-exchange resins, Fuel Processing Technology. 130 (2015) 1– 6

Pagliano, G.; Ventorino, V.; Panico, A.; Pepe, O. Integrated systems for biopolymers and bioenergy production from organic waste and by-products: a review of microbial processes. Biotechnol Biofuels 10 (2017) 113.

Hajjari, M.; Tabatabaei, M.; Aghbashlo, M.; Ghanavati, H. A review on the prospects of sustainable biodiesel production: a global scenario with an emphasis on waste-oil biodiesel utilization. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 72 (2017) 64-445.

Fadhil, AB. Evaluation of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) seed kernel as a potential feedstock for the production of liquid bio-fuels and activated carbons. Energy Convers Manage 133 (2017) 307–17.

Fadhil, AB.; Saeed, IK.; Saeed, LI.; Altamer, MH. Co-solvent ethanolysis of chicken waste: optimization of parameters and characterization of biodiesel. Energy Sour Part A; 38(19) (2016) 2883–90.

Meller, E.; Green, U.; Aizenshtat, Z.; Sasson, Y. Catalytic deoxygenation of castor oil over Pd/C for the production of cost effective biofuel. Fuel 133 (2014) 89–95.

Maher, KD.; Bressler, DC. Pyrolysis of triglyceride materials for the production of renewable fuels and chemicals. Bioresource Technology 98 (2007) 2351-2368.

Radwan, MS.; Elfeky, SMS.; Abu-Elyazeed, OSM. An investigation on abnormal combustion, emissions and performance of jojoba bio-gasoline and its blends with gasoline in spark ignition engines. In: SAE paper No.2012-01-1599-SAE 2012 international powertrains, fuels and lubricants meeting, session on: alternative and advanced fuels (Part 1 of 3) FFL215), malmo, Sweden 2012.st, vol. 1; 12.

Singh, V.; Bux, F.; Sharma, YC. A low cost one pot synthesis of biodiesel from waste frying oil (WFO) using a novel material, β-potassium dizirconate (β-K2Zr2O5). Appl Energy 172 (2016) 23–33.

Sun, K.; Lu, J.; Ma, L.; Han, Y.; Fu, Z.; Ding, J. A comparative study on the catalytic performance of different types of zeolites for biodiesel production. Fuel 158 (2015) 848–54.

Xie, W.; Wan, F. Basic ionic liquid functionalized magnetically responsive Fe3O4@ HKUST-1 composites used for biodiesel production. Fuel 220 (2018) 248–56.

Roschat, W.; Siritanon, T. Yoosuk, B.; Promarak, V. Rice husk-derived sodium silicate as a highly efficient and low-cost basic heterogeneous catalyst for biodiesel production. Energy Convers Manage 119 (2016) 453–62.

Lagnika, L. Phytochemical study and biological activity of natural substances isolated from Beninese plants, PhD thesis, Louis Pasteur University, Strasbourg. 2005

Ramprasad, R.; Bandopadhyay, R. Future of Ricinus communis after completion of the draft genome sequence. Current Science 99 (2010) 1316-1318.

Malathi, B.; Ramesh, S.; Venkateswara, KR.; Dashavantha, VR. Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation and production of semilooper resistant transgenic castor (Ricinus communis L.). Euphytica 147 (2006) 441–449.

Lendent, C.; Mairesse, M. Rural allergy. Revue Française d'Allergologie et d'Immunologie Clinique 48 (2008) 109-110.

Anjani, K. Purple-coloured castor (Ricinus communis L.)-A rare multiple resistant morphotype. Current Science 88 (2005) 215-216.

GISD (Global Invasive Species Database) (2016) Database. Available at: http://www.issg.org/database (accessed 6 June2016).

Boulal, A.; Khelafi, M.; Gaffour, H.; Bakache, Y. Synthése de biodiesel en utilisant des huiles végétales usagées. Revue des énergies renouvelables 19(3) (2016) 409-413.

Boulal, A.; Atabani ةAE.; Mohammed, MN.; Khelafi M.; Gediz Uguz, Sutha Shobana, Awais Bokharig,Gopalakrishnan Kumarh. Integrated valorization of Moringa oleifera and waste Phoenix dactylifera L. dates as potential feedstocks for biofuels production from Algerian Sahara: An experimental perspective. Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology 20 (2019) 101234.

Ben Aldjia, M.; Bichari, S. Contribution to the study of some factors influencing the extraction of argan oil (Argania spinosa: (L) skeels) chemically and physically. Things, INA El-Harrach, Algeria (2005) 49.

Alloune, R.; Liazid, A.; Tazerout, M. Comparative studies of two local oleaginous plants for the production of biodiesel in Algeria; Revue of Renewable Energies SIENR’12 Ghardaïa, Algeria (2012) 19-22.


  • There are currently no refbacks.