Polluted Groundwater Treatment in Southeastern Algeria by Solar Distillation

A. Khechekhouche, B. Benhaoua, M.E.H. Attia, Z. Driss, A. Manokar, M. Ghodbane


Abstract: Drinking water has become a real global problem. Drinking water is defined as odourless and colorless wate. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), drinking water contains minerals shall not have more than 0.5 g/l of salinity, hardness (TH) of between 1.5 and 3 degrees and shall not contain more than 200 mg/l of chlorine, neither more than 75 mg/Lof calcium nor more than 50 mg/l of magnesium nor more than 150 mg/l of sulphates. In the region of El Oued in south-eastern Algeria, the waters contain very high concentrations of the products mentioned above, which is why solar distillation is one of the suggested solutions to solve this problem. Solar distillation is an environmental, economical and simple technique. It uses free sunlight to treat polluted water to have a drinking waterin the proportions are the pH = 7.12 and the electrical conductivity = 0.0231 s/m. A conventional solar still of 0.5 x 0.5 m has been designed to confirm this result.

Full Text:



Ghaffour, N.; Bundschuh, J.; Mahmoudi, H.; Goosen, M.F.A. Renewable energy-driven desalination technologies: A comprehensive review on challenges and potential applications of integrated systems. Desalination 356 (2015) 94-114.

Choon, Ng K.; Thu K.; Jin Oh S.; Ang L.; Wakil Shahzad M.; Bin Ismail A. Recent developments in thermally-driven seawater desalination: Energy efficiency improvement by hybridization of the MED and AD cycles. Desalination 356 (2015) 255-270.

Khechekhouche, A.; Boukhari, A.; Driss, Z.; Benhissen N. Seasonal effect on solar distillation in the El-Oued region of south-east Algeria. International of energetica 2 (2017) 42-45.

Ravishankar, S.; Harris Samuel, D.G.; Nagarajan, P.K.; Arunkumar T. Geometrical variations in solar stills for improving the fresh water yield—A review. Desalination and Water Treatment 57 (2016) 1145-21159.

Feilizadeh, M.; Soltanieh, M.; Karimi Estahbanati, M.R.; Khosrow Jafarpur, S.SA. Optimization of geometrical dimensions of single-slope basin-type solar stills. Desalination 424 (2017) 159-168.

Nagarajan, P. K.; El-Agouz, S. A.; Arunkumar, T.; Ravishankar, S. Effect of forced cover cooling technique on a triangular pyramid solar still. International Journal of Ambient Energy 38 (2017) 597-604.

Rajesh, V.R.; Harikrishnan, K.; Chaithanya, K.K.; Subi, S. Performance evaluation of a solar desalination system integrated with a Fresnel lens concentrator, International Journal of Renewable Energy Research 6 (2019) 250-253.

Abdallah, S.; Badran, O.O. Sun tracking system for productivity enhancement of solar still. Desalination 220 (2008) 669-676.

Panchal Hitesh, N.; Shah, P. K. Performance analysis of double basin solar still with evacuated tubes. Applied Solar Energy 49 (2013) 174–179.

Omara, Z.M.; Kabeel ,A.E. The performance of different sand beds solar stills. International Journal of Green Energy 11(2014) 240-254.

Murugavel, K.K.; Srithar, K. Effect of cover plate transmittance on solar still performance. International Journal of Green Energy 12 (2015) 431-439.

Ewaida, A.Z; Yassin, J.S. Optimization of the performance parameters of a single slope solar still desalination unit various heat transfer and thermal storage enhancements. First International Libyan Water Conference. (2018).

Kabeel, A.E.; Teamah, M. A.; Abdelgaied, M.; Abdel Aziz Gmal, B. Modified pyramid solar still with v-corrugated absorber plate and PCM as a thermal storage medium. Journal of Cleaner Production 161(2017) 881-887.

Kabeel, A.E.; Abdelgaied, M. Improving the performance of solar still by using PCM as a thermal storage medium under Egyptian conditions. Desalination 383(2016) 22–28.

Khechekhouche, A.; Benhaoua, B.; Manokar, A. M.; Kabeel, A. E.; Sathyamurthy, R. Exploitation of an insulated air chamber as a glazed cover of a conventional solar still. Heat Transfer—Asian Research, (in press), (2019) 1–12. Doi:10.1002/htj.21446.

Khechekhouche, A.; Benhaoua, B.; Manokar, A. M.; Kabeel, A. E.; Attia, M.E.; El-Maghlany, W. M. Improvement of solar distiller productivity by a black metallic plate of Zinc as a thermal storage materials. Journal of Testing and Evaluation, (in press), (2019). http://doi.org/10.1520/JTE20190119.

Bhupendra, G.; Anil, K.; Prashant Baredar, V. Experimental Investigation on Modified Solar Still Using Nanoparticles and Water Sprinkler Attachment. Frontiers in Materials 4 (2017) 1-7.

Wenjing Chen Changjun, Z; Xiaoke, L; Lu, L. Experimental investigation of SiC nanofluids for solar distillation system: Stability, optical properties and thermal conductivity with saline water-based fluid. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 107 (2017) 264-270.

Elango, T.; Kannan, A.; Murugavel, K. Performance study on single basin single slope solar still with different water nanofluids. Desalination 360 (2015) 45–5.

Miloudi, A.; Remini, B. Water Potentiality of Sustainable Management Challenges in the Oued Souf Region, south east Algeria. International Journal of Energetica 1 (2016) 36-39.

Fawell, J.; Bailey, K.; Chilton, J.; Dahi, E.; Fewtrell, L.; Magara, Y. Fluoride in Drinking-water. IWA Publishing, London - (2006).


  • There are currently no refbacks.