Preparation of Graphene by Recycling Graphite Rods From Electrical Storage Devices -Microwave Treatment Effect.

M. Makhlouf, B. Benaicha, A. Cherfaoui, S.M. Messabih, O. Bouchher, O. Ould Khaoua, M. Kadari


Abstract: Despite their utilities, batteries can because of the toxicity of certain constituents, represent a real danger for the environment. Due to the use of constituents with non-renewable resources, the manufacture of batteries is threatened for future generations. But today we can limit this by recycling.

In this study, we focused on the large scale preparation of graphene (G) by recycling graphite from electrical storage devices using an affordable and simple electrochemical technique, after which the latter has undergone treatment microwave to re-exfoliate the graphene (GE) sheets and obtain a more pure graphene (GE-MW).

The characterization of our materials was examined using Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, SEM scanning electron microscope and the X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer.

Full Text:



Wallace, P.R. the Band Theory of Graphite. PhysRev.(1947)71.622

Niemi, A. J; Paranjape, M. B.; Semenoff, G. W. Electric Charge of the Magnetic Monopole. 1984.

Van Bommel ,A.J.; Crombeen, J.E.; ,Van Tooren, A. Leed and auger electron observations of the SiC(0001) surface. 1975.

Boehm, H.; Setton, R.; Stumpp, E. Nomenclature and terminology of graphite intercalation compounds, Carbon 24(1986)241 - 245.

Li, X.; Cai, W.; An, J.; Kim, S.; Nah, J.; Yang, D.; Piner, R.; Velamakanni, A.; Jung, I.; Tutuc, E.; Banerjee, S. K.; Colombo, L.; Ruoff, R. S. Large-Area Synthesis of High-Quality and Uniform Graphene Films on Copper Foils, Science 324 (2009)1312-1314.

Kotchey, G. P. the Enzymatic Oxidation of Graphene Oxide, ACS Nano 5 (2011) 2098–2108.

Stankovich, S. Synthesis of graphene-based nano sheets via chemical reduction of exfoliated graphite oxide, Carbon 45(2007) 1558–1565.

Ferrari, A.; Robertson, C. Interpretation of Raman spectra of disordered and amorphous carbon, J. Phys. Rev. B. 61 (2000) 14095–14107.

Kurniasari. IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng. 196 (2017) 012021

Lucchese, M. ; Stavale, M. ; Ferreira, F.; Vilani, .E. ; Moutinho ,C.; Achete, R. Carbon 48 (2010) 1592-1597.


  • There are currently no refbacks.