Instrumental neutron activation and spectroscopic elemental analysis of iron-rich ore from Gara Djebillet region in Algeria

N. Sabba, N. Sahraoui, I. Ammour, A. Hadri, C. Aziez, B. Saim, B. Guedioura

Abstract


Abstract: This study was aimed at determining the concentrations of all chemical elements in iron-rich ore from the Gara Djebillet region in Algeria using instrumental neutron activation and spectroscopic analysis. Samples from four sites in the region were analyzed by spectroscopic methods such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and scanning microscopy (SM). In addition, instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) allowed for a complete quantitative characterization of the ore. Results showed that there were forty-two elements found in trace and ultra-trace amounts and which were equally exploitable. The iron-rich deposits of the region are of great economic value to the country. 

Full Text:

PDF

References


Quast, K. A. Review on the characterisation and processing of oolitic iron ores. Minerals Engineering, 126 (2018) 89-100.

Baioumy, H.; Omran, M.; Fabritius, T. Mineralogy, geochemistry and the origin of high-phosphorus oolitic iron ores of Aswan, Egypt. Ore Geology Reviews. 80 (2017)185-199.

Li, K.-Q.; Ni, W.; Zhu, M. ; Zheng, M.-J. ; Li, Y. Iron extraction from oolitic iron ore by a deep reduction process. Journal of iron and steel research international. 18 (2011) 9-13. 317-323.

Champetier, Y.; Hamdadou, E.; Hamdadou, M. Examples of biogenic support of mineralization in two oolitic iron ores—Lorraine (France) and Gara Djebilet (Algeria). Sedimentary Geology. 5 (1987) 249-255.

Guerrak, S. Geology of the Early Devonian oolitic iron ore of the Gara Djebilet field, Saharan Platform, Algeria. Ore Geology Reviews.3 (1988) 333-358.

Bersi, M.; Saibi, H.; Chabou, M. C. Aerogravity and remote sensing observations of an iron deposit in Gara Djebilet, southwestern Algeria. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 116 (2016) 134-150.

Ciampalini, A. ; Garfagnoli, F. ; Del Ventisette, C. ; Moretti, S. Potential use of remote sensing techniques for exploration of iron deposits in Western Sahara and Southwest of Algeria. Natural resources research. 22 (2013) 179-190.

Ciampalini, A. ; Garfagnoli, F. ; Antonielli, B. ; Moretti, S. ; Righini, G. Remote sensing techniques using Landsat ETM+ applied to the detection of iron ore deposits in Western Africa. Arabian Journal of Geosciences. 6 (2013) 4529-4546.

Silachyov, I. Y. Combination of Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis with X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry for the Determination of Rare-Earth Elements in Geological Samples. Journal of Analytical Chemistry. 75 (2020) 878-889.

Sarjoughian, F.; Habibi, I.; Lentz, D. R.; Azizi, H.; Esna-Ashari, A. Magnetite compositions from the Baba Ali iron deposit in the Sanandaj-Sirjan zone, western Iran: Implications for ore genesis. Ore Geology Reviews.126 (2020) 103728.

Bitewlign, T. A.; Chaubey, A. K.; Beyene, G. A.; Melikegnaw, T. H.; Mizera, J.; Kameník, J.; Krausová, I.; Kučera, J. Instrumental neutron activation analysis of environmental samples from a region with prevalence of population disabilities in the North Gondar, Ethiopia. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry. 311 (2017) 2047-2059.

Greenberg, R. R.; Bode, P.; Fernandes, E. A. D. N. Neutron activation analysis: a primary method of measurement. Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy. 66 (2011) 193-241.

Samanta, S. K.; Nag, T. N. ; Sharma, V. ; Tripathi, R. ; Acharya, R. ; Pujari, P. K. Intercomparison studies of Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis using singles and gamma–gamma coincidence spectrometry for trace element determination in sodalime glass and sediment matrices and utilization of coincidence method for rapid automobile glass forensics. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. 1006 (2021) 165429.

Guinn, V.; Wagner, C. Instrumental neutron activation analysis. Analytical Chemistry. 32(1960)

Thien, B. N.; Ba, V. N.; Man, M. T.; Loan, T. T. H. Analysis of the soil to food crops transfer factor and risk assessment of multi-elements at the suburban area of Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam using instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA). Journal of Environmental Management. 291 (2020) 112637.

Sergeeva, A.; Zinicovscaia, I.; Grozdov, D. ; Yushin, N. Assessment of selected rare earth elements, HF, Th, and U in the Donetsk region using moss bags technique. Atmospheric Pollution Research. 12 (2021) 101165.

Glascock, M. D.; Neff, H.; Vaughn, K. J. Instrumental neutron activation analysis and multivariate statistics for pottery provenance. Hyperfine Interactions. 154 (2004) 95-105.

Heller-Zeisler, S.; Zeisler, R.; Zeiller, E.; Parr, R.; Radecki, Z.; Burns, K. ; DE Regge, P. Report on the intercomparison run for the determination of trace and minor elements in lichen material. IAEA-336. International Atomic Energy Agency. (1999).

Wang, X.; Shi, Z.; Shi, Y. ; Ni, S. ; Wang, R. ; Xu, W. ; Xu, J. Distribution of potentially toxic elements in sediment of the Anning River near the REE and V-Ti magnetite mines in the Panxi Rift, SW China. Journal of Geochemical Exploration. (2018) 184, 110-118.

Datta, J.; Chowdhury, D.; Verma, R.; Reddy, A. Determination of elemental concentrations in environmental plant samples by instrumental neutron activation analysis. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry. 294(2012) 261-265

Bode, P.; Van Dijk, C. Operational management of results in INAA utilizing a versatile system of control charts. Journal of radioanalytical and nuclear chemistry. 215 (1997) 87-94.

Acharya, R.; Swain, K.; Kumar, A.; Ajith, N.; Verma, R.; Reddy, A. Determination of k 0-factors and validation of k 0-INAA for short-lived nuclides. Journal of radioanalytical and nuclear chemistry.286 (2010) 286, 507-511.

Pignata, M.; Plá, R. ; Jasan, R.; Martinez, M. ; Rodriguez, J. ; Wannaz, E. ; Gudino, G. ; Carreras, H. ; González, C. Distribution of atmospheric trace elements and assesment of air quality in Argentina employing the lichen, Ramalina celastri, as a passive biomonitor: detection of air pollution emission sources. International Journal of Environment and Health. 1 (2007)29-46.

Smodiš, B.; Barradas, N. P.; Ridikas, D.; Bode, P.; Landsberger, S. An E-learning tool as living book for knowledge preservation in neutron activation analysis. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry. 325 (2020) 737-741.

Wasim, M.; Tariq, A. ; Shafique, M. A. ; Qureshi, R. N. Characterization and differentiation of iron ores using X-ray diffractometry, k0 instrumental neutron activation analysis and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 323(1) (2020) 179-187.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.